Despite a few exaggerations and errors, Polo's accounts are relatively free of the descriptions of irrational marvels, and in many cases where present mostly given in the first part before he reached China, such as mentions of Christian miracleshe made a clear distinction that they are what he had heard rather than what he had seen.
It is possible that he became a government official;  he wrote about many imperial visits to China's southern and eastern provinces, the far south and Burma.
The journey took 3 years after which they arrived in Cathay as it was then called and met the grandson of Genghis KhanKublai Khan.
The extent of their success and the specific roles they filled, however, remains an open question.
Morgan, in Polo's defence, noted that even the princess herself was not mentioned in the Chinese source, and that it would have been surprising if Polo had been mentioned by Rashid-al-Din. It is believed that he had read the description by Marco Polo of Java, Sumatra and other East India Islands, which he thought he had reached when he discovered Haiti and Cuba.
Most explorers certainly like the adventure of going to a new place, meeting new peoples and cultures, or taking on new challenges. Polo was soon freed and returned to Venice.
It was Benedetto who identified Rustichello da Pisa as the original compiler or amanuensisand his established text has provided the basis for many modern translations: The two-year voyage was a perilous one—of the six hundred people not including the crew in the convoy only eighteen had survived including all three Polos.
An authoritative version of Marco Polo's book does not and cannot exist, for the early manuscripts differ significantly.
The descriptions given sound in many ways no different than descriptions given of the dinosaurs in the text books. It is also largely free of the gross errors found in other accounts such as those given by the Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta who had confused the Yellow River with the Grand Canal and other waterways, and believed that porcelain was made from coal.
The published editions of his book either rely on single manuscripts, blend multiple versions together, or add notes to clarify, for example in the English translation by Henry Yule.
One view is it comes from the Polo family's use of the name Emilione to distinguish themselves from the numerous other Venetian families bearing the name Polo. Thus, the prophecy was that Siddhartha Gautama might have become the Buddha or a Cakravartin, a world ruler. His accounts are therefore unlikely to have been obtained second hand.
The Great Walls were built to keep out northern invaders, whereas the ruling dynasty during Marco Polo's visit were those very northern invaders. During this time much of the world was mapped and many world civilizations came into contact with each other. Authenticity and veracity[ edit ] Since its publication, many have viewed the book with skepticism.
Home of Confucianism and Daoismit had great influence on nearby countries including Japan, Korea, and Vietnam in the areas of political system, philosophy, religion, art, writing and literature.
It was his journey which ultimately inspired other men like Christopher Columbus to explore the world. They sailed to Acreand then rode on camels to the Persian port of Hormuz.
Compilation of Il milione Soon after his return to Venice, Polo was taken prisoner by the Genoese —great rivals of the Venetians at sea—during a skirmish or battle in the Mediterranean. Some years before St. They made and threw rice dumplings into the river.
Book Four describes some of the then-recent wars among the Mongols and some of the regions of the far north, like Russia.
Elvin concludes that "those who doubted, although mistaken, were not always being casual or foolish", but "the case as a whole had now been closed": There is no authentic original manuscript, and even if there were, it would likely not represent what Polo dictated since Rustichello asserted his own personality and familiar phraseology, especially in the standardized description of battles.
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Object of the Game: Not to get caught by "Marco" (the person who is "it") Rules: One person is chosen to be "it" he/she.
We all “know” that Marco Polo went to China, served Ghengis Khan for many years, and returned to Italy with the recipes for pasta and ice cream. Marco Polo spent 24 years abroad, 17 of them in China. Did You Know? Many believed Marco Polo's book about his travels was fiction and called it 'Il Milione' (The Million Lies.) Did You Know?
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The Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration took place between the 15th and 17th centuries. During this time many countries in Europe sent out explorers to discover new lands, find trade routes, seek treasure, and gain territory for their country.Download